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Audley Seals in the British Library; The National Archives &  The National Library of France


As Seals usually incorporate a Coat of Arms; this webpage should be read in conjunction with the Coat of Arms section of this website. The advantage with seals is that they are usually attached to a manuscript which can be dated





Seal 7019 in the British Library Dated 1305

Attributed to {ZA23} Hugh Daudlee or de Audeleghe

of Horseheath county Cambridge (and of Stratton-Audley Oxfordshire) Knt.

The seal of {ZA27} Sir James Audley the hero of the Battle of Poitiers (19th September 1356). The seal is on a Manuscript dated 1360 in the National Library of France
In early documents he is frequently confused with {ZA13} whose seal is shown below. 

  seal7026 seal7026out

Seal 7026 in the British Library Dated Temp Edw III (1312-1377)
Attributed to {ZA13}  James de Audeleye “Seigneur de Rouge Chaustell et de Heleye”, Shropshire


  seal7028close seal7028

Seal 7028 in the British Library; Dated Temp Hen III (1207 – 1272)
Attributed to James de Audithele or Audelelega of Berkhampstead co Herts  Sectetum


   PRO23 749  PRO23 4809


Seal Mould PRO23/749 in  the National Archive
Date not specified
Attributed to John Tuchet
The unusual thing about the Coat of Arms in the above seal is that the lower left hand quadrant is different from the upper right hand quadrant

 Seal Mould PRO23/4809 in The National Archive Date 1353 – 1354
Attributed to {ZA13} Lord James de Audeleye see image of actual seal above
   PRO23 748 1 PRO23 4117 1 

The above to seals ate attributed to {ZA24} Hugh de Aldithley (Audley) - Earl of Gloucester

The seal on the left is from seal mould PRO23-748-1 dated 1341-42.

The seal on the right is from seal mould PRO23-4117-1 dated 1344-45

   PRO23 4117 2  PRO23 4117 3

 Seal Attributed to Ralph Lord Stafford, son in law of {ZA24} Hugh Audley, Earl of Gloucester.

From seal mould PRO23-4117-2 dated 1344-45 a similar seal is in PRO23-748-2 dated 1341-42

Seal Attributed to {ZA25} Margaret Audley the daughter of {ZA24} Hugh Audley, Earl of Gloucester and wife of Ralph Lord Stafford

From Seal mould PRO23-4117-3 dated 1344-45

Note how her seal contains the 'arms' of her father and her husband.

   PRO23 4117 3

Seal Mould PRO23/279 dated 1538

The Seal of Hulton Abbey, Staffordshire

Whilst the seal is attached to a manuscript dated 1538 it contains a Fret.

This is the Coat of Arms of {ZA5} Henry Audley, who in 1219 founded and endowed Hulton Abbey

  The images of seals and seal moulds (moulds made from original seals) below are less distinct than those above but still have significance in concluding the family relationship between individuals
  seal7024left seal7024right
  Seal 7024 in the British Library;  Dated 1628
Attributed to Hugh Awdeley Esq, of the Inner Temple, London
  seal7016charter seal7016
  Seal 7016 in the British Library. Dated 1228
Attributed to Henry de Audithelega Knt of Chorsbure, in Weston, Shropshire
  PRO23 750  
  Seal Mould PRO23/750 in the National Archive
Date 1537 – 1538
Attributed to Thomas Audeley Knight
  dlu 20200317  

Audley Standards and Battle Pennons


 The Audley Battle Pennon was carried by  {Z37} James Touchet Lord Audley of Heleigh at the Battle of Blore Heath near Market Drayton on 23rd September 1459. James Touchet Lord Audley was the leader of the Lancastrian Forces in this the first battle of the Wars of the Roses. He was slain in the battle and is buried in Darley Abbey in Derbyshire. A cross was erected after the battle at the place where Lord Audley fell and it still stands to this day. For more information on the Battle of Blore Heath see the Blore Heath website.       I am not sure of the source of the above image but it is very similar to the standard shown on the  ‘Who fought’ page of the Blore Heath website.



 The above standard is that of 'Syr John Awdeley Knyghte' this is believed to be {Z38} Baron John Touchet Lord Audley the son of {Z37} whose Battle Pennon is shown above. The source of this image is 'Banners Standards and Badges from a Tudor Manuscript in the College of Arms with an introduction by Lord Howard de Walden' published in 1904.

The wording on the standard is three words with the last word being split between two lines:

IE LE TIENS being the motto 'Je Le Tiens' meaning 'I hold it'


 The image to the right is of the  door to the Audley Chapel in Hereford Cathedral. The Chapel commemorates Bishop Edmund Audley. Above his initials is the ‘Fret’ which is part of the Audley ‘Coat of Arms’ and below the initials is a Butterfly. It should be notes that {Z37} James Touchet whose Battle Pennon is shown at the top of this page was the Father of Bishop Edmund Audley; and the ‘Syr John Awdeley Knyght’ immediately above is the half brother of Bishop Edmund Audley.
The interesting thing is that the Battle Pennon, the Standard and the monogram on the chapel door all show a butterfly or butterflies.

The entrance to the Audley Chapel in Salisbury Cathedral showing on the left above the door a fret and on the right above the door a butterfly


Fret; Fretty & Heater

 Joseph Foster in his book 'Feudal Coats of Arms' describes the coat of arms borne bySir Nicholas de Audley, Baron of Heleigh, at the battle of Falkirk in 1298 as 'gules a fret (vel fretty) or'. That is  a gold interwoven lattice on a red background. The lattice is described as a fret (alternatively a fretty).The purpose of this page is to explain the difference  between a 'Fret' and a 'Fretty' as these shields form the basis of the coats of arms used by other members of the Audley Family. This explanation is based on information in 'Heraldry' by Henry Bedingfield, Rouge Croix Pursuivant & Peter Gwynn-Jones, Lancaster Herald published in 1993

       A Fret
    The definition of a Fret: A mascle interlaced with a bendlet and a bendlet sinister
   bend    losenge    bendsinister
  A bend    A lozenge (a diamond)    A bend sinister
   bendelet    mascule    benseletsinister
  A bendlet    A mascle (a voided lozenge)    A bendlet sinister
       Combining the above three 'Ordinaries' onto a single shield gives the following three versions of a fret
   fret2    fret3    fret1
       The definition of a Fretty: Bendlets and Bendlets sinister interlaced throughout the shield. This looks like netting.


A Bendlet



A Bendlet sinister

   By combining bendlets and bendlets sinister one can produce a number of different designs of a Fretty depending upon the number of  bendlets and bendlets sinister used and the way they are interlaced as shown below.
   fretty51    fretty53    fretty52
   fretty41    fretty43    fretty42
   fretty31    fretty33    fretty32
  The shape of the shield used on this page is known as a 'heater’ the relative dimensions are shown below


Coats of Arms Index

 This page provides a link to the other pages on this website that contains information about the Audley Coats of Arms as follows:


The Audley Coats of Arms

 Images of the Audley Coats of Arms

                Similar Coats of Arms

 Standard and Battle Pennon

Fret, Fretty and Heater

    •  dlu20200418

Similar Coats of Arms

This website page shows images of Coats of Arms that are similar to the Audley Coats of Arms and are taken from a range of locations.


Verdun coat of arms in a stained glass window in the north transept of Ludlow Parish Church Shropshire.

The Audley Coat of Arms is reputed to be the Verdun Coat of Arms with the colours reversed. For more information about the Verdun family follow the link below



 The Coat of Arms of Ralph Srawell Dutton (1898- 1985) the 8th Baron Sherbourne. He was the last of his line. The 'moon' on its back (a cadency symbol) indicated that he was the second son.


  The Coat of Arms is above the front door of Hinton Ampner House in Hampshire and shows the 'Audley Fret' in two opposing quarters of the shield.

It has traditionally been accepted that Thomas Dutton of Dutton, Cheshire was one of the four squires who attended Sir James Audley at the battle of Poitiers and as a reward Sir James Audley granted them the right to augment their coats of arms with his coat of arms namely 'gules fretty or'.

An article titled 'Cheshire Squires' on the 'Other Published Information' page on this website gives more details on the Audley Dutton relationship. However the room stewards of Hinton Ampner House (a National Trust property) indicate that there is evidence that the Dutton family were using 'Gules Fretty Or' prior to the battle of Poitiers.

   Whitmoreshield    DuttonShield
   The Whitmore Family Coat of Arms     The Dutton Family Coat of Arms

 Draycott Coat of Arms

Based on coat of arms on tomb in St Margret's Church Draycott in the Moor, Staffordshire



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